Dante Alighieri (1265 – 1321) was a major Italian poet in the Middle Ages. His work is considered one of the greatest pieces of literature created in the Italian language. His depiction is Hell (Inferno) is still widely held in modern society. Gustave Dore (1832 – 1883) was one of the most renowned illustrators of his time. His engravings have been used to dramatically illustrate the pain and suffering of Hell.